Currently accepted at: JMIR Perioperative Medicine
Date Submitted: Feb 23, 2018
Open Peer Review Period: Feb 23, 2018 - Jul 19, 2018
Date Accepted: Jul 19, 2018
(closed for review but you can still tweet)
Web-Based Learning for Children in Pediatric Care:Â Qualitative Study Assessing Educational Challenges
Hospitalization is a significant and stressful experience for children, which may have both short-term and long-term negative consequences. Anaesthesia-Web is a Web-based preparation program that has been well received and is being used worldwide to reduce stressful experiences, increase understanding, and exchange information in pediatric care. A deeper theoretical and educational understanding encompassing childrenâ€™s learning processes on Anaesthesia-Web may optimize and support the development and design of similar websites for children in pediatric care.
The objective of this study was to elucidate key educational principles in the development and design of websites for children in pediatric care.
A directed qualitative content analysis was applied to analyze the content and design of Anaesthesia-Web from a theoretical and educational perspective. preunderstanding, motivation, learning processes, and learning outcome were used to analyze the learning possibilities of Anaesthesia-Web for children prior to contact with pediatric care.
We found 4 themes characterizing childrenâ€™s learning opportunities on Anaesthesia-Web in the analysis: â€œIn charge of my learningâ€; â€œDiscover and playâ€; â€œRecognize and identifyâ€œ; and â€œGetting feedbackâ€. The analysis showed that Anaesthesia-Web offers children control and enables the use of the website based on interest and ability. This is important in terms of motivation and each childâ€™s individual preunderstanding. Through discovery and play, children can receive, process, and apply the information on Anaesthesia-Web cognitively, emotionally, and by active participation. Play stimulates motivation and is very important in a childâ€™s learning process. When facing pediatric care, children need to develop trust and feel safe so that they can focus on learning. On Anaesthesia-Web, children can recognize situations and feelings and can find someone with whom to identify. Several features on the website promote feedback, which is necessary to judge learning achievements, confirm understanding, and embody the need for repetition.
Web-based preparation programs are important learning resources in pediatric care. Content and design needs to change from simply providing information to embracing the importance of a childâ€™s need to process information to learn and fully understand. By developing Web-based preparation programs that include educational principles, Web-based technology can be used to its fullest advantage as a learning resource for children. The 4 educational themes described in this study should help future similar website developments within pediatric care.
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